PregnancyWeek BY Week

Week 31 of Pregnancy

In the 31st week of pregnancy, you must have noticed that when you talk to your child, he moves more. As the fetus grows, the type of blows it gives you may change and become stronger and may even hurt you. For fun, you can shine a light on your belly to feel the little changes in the fetus. Don’t worry, if he doesn’t move he might be napping, you can do it a few hours later. Now read the rest of the events of the 31st week of pregnancy.

The condition of the fetus in the 31st week of pregnancy

In the 31st week of pregnancy, the size of your fetus has reached about 41.1 cm. The weight of the fetus in the 31st week of pregnancy is a little more than 1502 grams, and soon you will see a sudden weight gain in the fetus. The fetus in the 31st week can also turn its head from one side to the other. He is the size of a bunch of asparagus.
At 31 weeks pregnant, a layer of fat is accumulating under her skin to prepare her for life outside the womb, resulting in her arms, head and body getting bigger. His abdomen is firm due to the production of red blood cells by the liver. Some people’s hair has grown completely in the 31st week of pregnancy, but others still have a bald head like an egg. It is very normal for the baby to have hiccups at this time, and his hiccups are now so strong that they may wake you up in the middle of the night.

Height: 41.1 cm
Weight: 1502 grams

Mother’s condition in the 31st week of pregnancy

In the 31st week of pregnancy, you may see colostrum or pre-milk from your breasts. Some pregnant women observe such a problem and some will not experience it before the birth of their baby. In any case, this is normal and a sign that your body is doing its job properly. If the amount of these secretions is high, you can put a napkin for breastfeeding in your underwear to prevent your clothes from getting dirty. If your current bra is no longer comfortable for you, you can use a nursing bra right now.

Important symptoms of the 31st week of pregnancy

Do not be surprised by the changes in your penis during the 31st and 32nd weeks of pregnancy. At this stage, your penis looks bigger than before your pregnancy, and this is due to the increase in hormones and blood flow, both of which cause the veins to stand out and the edges of the genital organ to become darker and swollen. You should know that all these changes are completely normal and after giving birth, the color and size of the body will return to its original state.
At 31 weeks pregnant, your womb is pushing against all the internal organs that were previously elsewhere, putting pressure on your lungs and making it harder for them to fully expand. That is why you are short of breath. This state continues until you are close to the end of pregnancy and birth.

?What should we eat in the 31st week of pregnancy

You can use sprouted grains of wheat, lentils, barley, etc. in the preparation of various salads and soups, or add its powder to yogurt, yogurt, cucumber, etc. for nutrition in the 31st week of pregnancy. Sprouted grains contain minerals and a variety of vitamins, especially B vitamins, which are necessary to maintain the physical and mental health of you and your future baby. Try to always eat a lot of vegetables with food. Cereal bran also contains various B group vitamins and minerals. Try to use whole grain breads like sangak instead of white bread.

Ultrasound of the 31st week of pregnancy

In the ultrasound image of the 31st week of pregnancy, you can see a close-up view of the lower end of the fetal spine. You can see the spinal cord protected by the white bones of the spine on the 31 week ultrasound.

List of important tasks in the 31st week of pregnancy

  • Is the hospital bag ready? If not, now is a good time to prepare it, just in time.
  • Eat foods rich in iron.
  • If you decide to have a nanny for your child, it is better to make your decision early and search.
  • Prepare a first aid kit for the baby.
  • If the fetus in your womb is a boy, it is better to talk to each other about circumcising him or not, there are different opinions about the time and method of circumcision, it is better to do some research or ask your gynecologist and pediatrician.

The five senses of the fetus in the thirty-first week of pregnancy

In the 31st week of pregnancy, the fetal brain works indefinitely and grows faster than ever. Communication between single nerve cells is forming at an incredibly fast rate. He now processes information, follows light, and receives signals from his five senses. Of course, the fetus cannot smell anything now, and this is because it is surrounded by amniotic fluid and must breathe air to be able to smell anything. Your scent will be one of the first smells he inhales, a scent that will quickly become his favorite scent.

Do the muscles of your mercy contract?

Some pregnant women experience these sudden contractions (called Braxton-Hicks contractions) during the second half of their pregnancy and the last months of their pregnancy. These contractions, which last between 30 and 60 seconds and are irregular and irregular, should not occur regularly and should not be painful.
When you are a few weeks away from giving birth, these contractions may occur more often and may become a little painful. These contractions are often called “false labor pains” because it can sometimes be very difficult to distinguish real labor pains from these sudden contractions.
However, your baby is still premature before the 37th week. So if these contractions occur regularly even if you don’t have pain, they may be a sign of early labor.
If you see a change or increase in vaginal secretions that are watery, slimy, pink or bloody, also if you see pain in the abdomen, muscle cramps similar to menstruation, more than 4 muscle contractions per hour, increased pressure in the pelvis or back pain. (especially if you have never had such pain before) call your doctor or midwife immediately.

Be ready for the 31st week

Prepare your hospital bag: You can ask the hospital what supplies they will provide and what you need to get from the hospital pharmacy. However, in addition to clothes and toothbrush, some other items that you should prepare are:

  • Some biscuits to give you energy and some gum or mints for when your mouth smells bad.
  • Your comfortable pillow, socks and slippers
  • book or magazine. Of course, heavy magazines or books won’t help, because you won’t be able to focus on them.
  • Nightwear and nursing bra
  • A perfect baby outfit for when you want to take your baby home.
  • A still or video camera, new batteries and film

The condition of the pelvis is special and the type of delivery

The promised day is coming soon. Your fetus may be thinner than usual and you may hear from others that with this small size, it is better to give birth by cesarean rather than natural birth. Do not listen to these words. It is impossible to predict the ease and difficulty of a person’s delivery just by watching him. Even if you have a large body structure, your pelvis may be small. This condition even makes it difficult for the fetus to move. It is also possible that a small woman has a large pelvis.
Like 80% of women, whether you have a well-proportioned pelvis or not depends on your luck. It doesn’t matter how thin or fat you were before pregnancy. Of course, fitness is more than just hip condition. The fit depends on the size of the fetus and its position.

Reduce pelvic pressure

You may have felt pressure and discomfort in your pelvis until the 31st week of pregnancy. However, when the baby moves to be born, you may feel pressure and burning. It’s like a knife is drawn on Khasreh’s pelvis and groin area. This problem is caused by changes in the bones of the pelvis at the same time as the body opens and the ligaments are stretched to prepare for childbirth. This pain and burning is felt in the bone marrow, pelvis and lower back and may be permanent or felt only when coughing and sneezing or laughing. The best way to relieve pelvic pressure is to change the position when the pain starts and to continue exercising until delivery. Even gentle walking and swimming can be effective.

Creating relaxation for a better birth

Research shows that in mothers who are calm and feel less fear from the onset of pain until delivery, the duration of labor is shorter and the probability of giving birth to a healthy baby is higher. This issue not only has a psychological burden, but also affects the body cognitively. When a woman panics when labor pains begin, she may clench her teeth, hook her hands to her waist or the bed, or grab her hair, exposing herself to more pain and fear. Maybe he doesn’t even know what he is afraid of. These reactions may endanger the birth of the baby. When you have an emotional reaction to contractions, your body produces adrenaline. This hormone is released quickly in the body when faced with painful or scary situations, which, while preventing the production of oxygen, also causes uterine muscles to contract. As a result, the feeling of fear caused by the pain of childbirth may prevent the fetus from taking the necessary steps to move and be born and reach the hands of people who are waiting impatiently for him.

Will you love your child?

If you are one of those pregnant women who always suffer from various problems from nausea to back pain or swollen ankles, you should know that hating pregnancy does not lead to hating your child. All in all, what seems exciting is that you end up falling in love with someone who made you miserable, kicked you out of your life, grew in your belly, and you’ve never met. Many women forget all the troubles of pregnancy after giving birth, but that does not mean that love comes easily. It is impossible to predict how and when mothers will fall in love with their child as the fetus once again benefits from hormonal affection and compassion. Endorphin, the hormone that makes you feel refreshed after sweating, is released during pregnancy and makes you feel good. Your body also produces oxytocin and prolactin, and the amount of these two hormones increases if you breastfeed your baby. Therefore, love for a child is very natural and associated with this chemical process. Anyway, nothing to worry about. As soon as you breastfeed him, talk to him and get to know his different needs, those feelings will crystallize.

Keep the size in the 31st week of pregnancy

Even if you eat the most nutritious foods in the 31st week of pregnancy, if you eat too much, you will gain weight. This is why it is so important to eat the right amount of food. You can know the amount and content of food by reading the label on the food. But when you are out of the house, you have to guess their amount yourself. Pay attention to the following guide:

  • One cup of dried beans: the size of a baseball
  • 100 grams of meat, chicken or fish: a deck of cards
  • A thin fish press: a checkbook
  • 50 grams of cheese: 4 dice
  • Three quarters of a cup of ice cream: a tennis ball
  • Half a cup of cooked fruit, rice, or vegetables: Half a tennis ball
  • A cup of sweets: a clenched fist
  • A teaspoon of butter: the tip of the thumb
Workplace problems in the 31st week of pregnancy

If you sit at a desk all day, maintaining good posture can prevent back and shoulder pain. When you sit, keep your back naturally straight and arched.
Use chairs that support your lower body to sit on, otherwise use a small pillow or folded towel.
If the soles of your feet do not touch the ground, use insoles that slope towards the heel. If you are working on a computer, your elbows should be at a 90 degree angle and your wrists should be flat on the screen.
The computer monitor should be at a distance of 45 to 55 cm from your face. If your stomach is sticking to the table, it prevents you from working, lower your chair a little, and if you are still too far from the table, give yourself a break every 20 minutes, get up, walk a little and do stretching exercises.

Placental abortion in the 31st week of pregnancy

The placenta is usually located on top of the uterine wall and does not separate from the wall until delivery. The placenta allows the baby to get the oxygen it needs from the blood until it can breathe on its own. Therefore, if the placenta separates from the uterine wall before delivery, this condition is called “placental abortion”, which puts you and the fetus in a dangerous situation. Caffeine consumption, high blood pressure, pregnancy seizures and abdominal inflammation, and a history of placental abruption are all factors that put you at risk of placental abruption. Tell your doctor or midwife if you notice symptoms such as bleeding, severe abdominal pain with back pain, tenderness in the uterus, and strong contractions every minute.

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